Mathematics - Elementary School
Below is the research linking arts strategies to specific success at the elementary school level in Mathematics. Click on any of the study citations to link to a full summary of the study in ArtsEdSearch, the online database of arts education research.
Arts integrated mathematics instruction, in particular music and mathematics integration, helps students understand numerical properties and learn fundamental math skills such as computation, comprehension, and estimation (Courey, Balogh, Siker & Paik, 2012; Smithrim & Upitis, 2005; Spelke, 2008).
Sustained involvement in arts-integrated instruction promotes long-term mathematics achievement (Smithrim & Upitis, 2005) and in some cases, students who study the arts outperform their peers on mathematics assessments.
Skills and Competencies
Through arts programming, students develop habits and skills needed to master mathematics content, such as problem solving, reasoning, and perseverance (Baum, Oreck & McCartney, 1999; Costa-Giomi, 1999; DeMoss & Morris, 2002).
Elementary students in visual arts integrated programming are more likely than their peers to approach problems with patience and persistence and be intentional in their decision-making (Korn, 2010).